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Top 10 Coal Exporters in The World

by Rahil M
0 comment

The global coal trade is a dynamic landscape, with select nations dominating the export scene, fueling the energy needs of countless regions.

This article embarks on a journey through the world’s top 10 coal-exporting countries, unveiling their pivotal roles in coal production, and consumption, and their impacts on the ever-evolving global stage. These nations are key players in an industry that continues to be both a driving force and a focal point of global environmental and economic discussions.

Australia tops the list as the world’s largest coal exporter, accounting for a remarkable 35% of global coal exports in 2022. In 2028, the country produced a whopping 301.1 million tonnes of coal while consuming about 15% of it domestically. The nation’s abundant black coal reserves, primarily in Queensland and New South Wales, have propelled its ascent in the industry. Australia is home to major mines such as Peak Downs and Mt Arthur, contributing to its export prowess.

  • Indonesia

Indonesia claims the second spot among the world’s top coal-exporting countries, with 220.3 million tonnes of coal exported in 2018. This remarkable growth has been driven by its abundant reserves, with coal exports doubling over the past decade. Indonesia’s coal mines, such as the Kaltim Prima Coal-operated Sangatta mine, have contributed significantly to its rising influence in the global coal market.

  • Russia

Russia holds the world’s second-largest proven coal reserves and is one of the leading coal exporters, contributing 18% of the world’s exports in 2022. With 136.2 million tonnes of coal exported, Russia’s vast coal deposits in regions like Donetskii, Pechora, and Kuznetski, have fueled its global export activities. More than half of Russia’s coal production heads overseas, making it a significant global force in coal exports.

The United States, despite being the third-largest consumer of coal, is also one of the top coal exporters. With exports reaching 7.3% in 2022, and 66.3 million tonnes in 2018, it’s a significant player in the global coal market. Coal remains a vital source of power production, especially in regions like Wyoming, home to the world’s largest coal mine, the North Antelope Rochelle Mine. Other mines like Antelope Coal, Eagle Butte, and Cordero Rojo also contribute to this export strength.

  • South Africa

South Africa stands as the world’s fifth-largest coal supplier, exporting 5.5% in 2022. While the country consumes more than half of its coal domestically, coal exports play a crucial role. The majority of South Africa’s coal resources are located in the Ecca deposits in the northeastern quarter of the country.

  • Canada

Canada’s coal exports, valued at $10.8 billion, may not make it the largest producer, but it is a growing contributor to the global coal market. Its contribution to the metallurgical coal market is substantial, as global steel production requires high-quality coal, and Canada’s exports are increasingly important.

  • Mongolia

Mongolia, a newcomer in the coal export market, achieved exports worth $6.5 billion in 2022. The country, nestled between Russia and China, finds its coal predominantly bound for its southern neighbour. Coal is Mongolia’s second-largest export, with the vast Tavan Tolgoi mine at its epicentre. Despite the challenges posed by its landlocked geography, coal exports have become pivotal to the nation’s economy.

  • Netherlands

The Netherlands, with coal exports totalling $2.2 billion, is a notable coal exporter within Europe. It benefits from access to coal terminals and efficient transportation infrastructure. The Netherlands may not be a coal-rich country, but its strategic geographic location has transformed it into a coal transhipment hub. Its coal terminals facilitate the distribution of this fossil fuel throughout Europe. While the Netherlands’ domestic coal production is limited, its vital role in the European energy supply chain should not be underestimated.

  • Mozambique

Mozambique, with coal exports worth $2 billion, is making its presence felt in the coal export arena. The country’s extensive coal reserves and ongoing investments in mining infrastructure are to this growth. This nation along Africa’s southeastern coast boasts substantial coal reserves and major mining projects like Moatize are driving coal production. Coal exports are on the rise, making a notable contribution to Mozambique’s economy.

  • Poland

Poland, while not the largest coal exporter, plays a role in the global coal market with exports valued at $1.6 billion. It finds itself in a unique position, producing and exporting coal, while also grappling with the challenges of transitioning toward cleaner energy sources. The country’s rich coal deposits have supported both domestic consumption and exportation.

These ten coal-exporting nations play a pivotal role in supplying coal to meet the world’s energy demands. While global transitions toward cleaner energy are underway, coal remains a significant player in the energy landscape, ensuring a reliable supply of energy for various industrial and residential purposes worldwide.

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